Ink, blackberries, mashed rose hips, smushed fuchsia flowers, splotched rowan berries and dirt tempera on watercolour paper. (People who are subscribed to my email list got to see how I did it. They’re super lucky.)
20 August 2015
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Here is a quick review of what I have told you about ideas:
- Ideas are tiny weird creatures looking for nice big heads full of tasty information.
- Grow your head with all the interesting information you can find.
- Ideas like silly people because silly people will try new things.
- Spend time away from screens so that you can notice ideas visiting you
- Be sure to write, type, memorise or – best of all – try out an idea as soon as it visits you.
- People are afraid of new ideas but you don’t have to be.
- Having a horrible idea doesn’t make you a horrible person. You didn’t create the idea and you don’t have to do it.
- Use the kind ideas and send the nasty ones away.
That’s it. You’ll notice that I didn’t tell you to be super smart or super creative or super anything. You just have to do a few simple things* to make yourself attractive to ideas.
There is one more very important thing. When you have a good idea, remember to say thank you. You grew your head and paid attention and ignored your fear but all of that would have been for nothing if the idea hadn’t come along when it did.
About 2000 years ago there was a king who had been in a quarrel with the kingdom next door. He had the idea to make peace with that kingdom. (It wasn’t actually the king’s idea. One of his trusted servants had the idea and gave it to him.)The people of the kingdom next door were on the losing side of the quarrel, so they thought the king’s idea was wonderful. In fact, when he visited them to make a speech about his idea for peace, the audience started shouting, ‘This is the voice of a god, not of a man!’ Instead of saying thank you, the foolish king just sat there and agreed with the crowd. ‘I do sound quite a bit like a god,’ he thought to himself. Next thing you know, the king was infested by flesh-eating worms and he died.**
I’ve never known anyone who was infested by flesh-eating worms but I do know that life goes a lot better if you say thank you, even if you can’t see who or what you are thanking. Tell your ideas thank you.
Now go be a silly bighead.
*Simple isn’t always the same thing as easy.
**This story comes from the Bible. It’s found in the book of Acts chapter 12 verses 19–23.
POSTSCRIPT. You will have noticed that in the illustration I’m holding up nine fingers but there are only eight bullet points in the review. This is because I forgot to write a very important section. Ideas like it when two or a few friends who notice ideas hang around and try to notice ideas together. I want to explain about that. I’m thinking of using the word ‘synerjuice’. I won’t add the forgotten section to this blog series. Maybe one day you will be able to get all nine parts in little book printed on actual paper.
13 August 2015
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What if you have an evil idea?
I told you before that there are quadzillions of ideas flying around. (Quadzillion is not a real number but if it was it would be HUGE). Most bad ideas are actually good ideas that got lost and have bumped into the wrong head at the wrong time. Of course, some ideas are truly terrible. One example of the truly terrible idea is being cruel to someone because they are different than you. Another example is British baked beans.
You might be worried about having ideas in case you have a truly terrible idea. You might be worried that having a truly terrible idea makes you a truly terrible person. Don’t. You’re not. A good way to know that you are not truly terrible is to notice that you are worried about it. Truly terrible people don’t care at all about being terrible. Less than one percent of people are truly terrible. Before a terrible person is born something goes terribly wrong with their growing brain. The part that cares about other people doesn’t grow at all. If you care about other people, you can’t be a truly terrible person. I’ll say it again: Don’t worry about being a truly terrible person.
There is a good chance that while you are waiting for a new idea you will have a terrible idea. Sometimes when I’m standing on a high bridge or near the edge of a cliff I have this idea: ‘JUMP!’ I didn’t have the idea because I’m sad and want to die. I love being alive! My wife says that sometimes she has the idea of shoving her hand in the blender. Of course she never does it. It’s a terrible idea. But people who pay attention to ideas get bad ideas sometimes. Don’t worry about it. If an ugly or evil idea bumps into you, just tell it, ‘No thanks. I don’t need your type around here. I won’t be cutting off my little brother’s toes today.’
(Even the toe chopping idea could be a good idea that got lost. Imagine that your little brother was caught in an invincible toe trap and there was a bloodthirsty rhinoceros running towards your brother because he was particularly fond of eating tender little boys. Imagine all you had was a sharp knife and a few seconds to get back to your helicopter. In that situation the toe chopping idea is exactly what you want flying into your head.)
You cannot control what ideas fly into your head. You can decide what to do with them. You are you and ideas are ideas. When you step in a big pile of poo, like elephant poo or whale poo, that doesn’t mean you are a poo. It means you need to clean your shoe. In the same way, a nasty idea doesn’t make you a nasty person. Hang onto the kind ideas. Send the nasty ones politely away. Maybe they are just lost.
11 August 2015
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Bad reasons to not have new ideas
1. You’re in high school
A lot of high school is about passing your exams. Exams are hard work. You have to learn fact after fact after fact after fact. You have to learn theories and formulas and rules. While you are working hard at growing your brain with all that knowledge, it is easy to stop having ideas for a few years. Please don’t. Remember, the point of knowledge is to grow your head so that ideas can easily find it.
Some people are convinced that the purpose of learning is to pass an exam or win a quiz. These poor people are about as clever as a cliff when it comes to new ideas. Treat them kindly but warily, like an elderly relative who has completely lost his mind and is usually sweet but sometimes throws his dinner at the cat. You enjoy his stories about when he was a boy but you wouldn’t start a business with him or let him babysit your little brother. People who love knowledge but avoid ideas are like that. (You should also be cautious about people who love ideas but avoid knowledge. These are the kind of people who believe advertisements on the telly and try to wallpaper the cat and start wars on purpose.)
Interesting people never figure out how to stop having ideas, even during exam season. Their teachers give them stern looks and their parents worry that they might be too silly. But interesting people carry on noticing all the ideas that flit into their brain. The most interesting people notice their ideas and DO them.
2. You have a terrible job
Sometimes you have do a job that hate in order to have the money you need to buy food and a place to live. Terrible jobs make you sad. Terrible jobs make you want to sit on the sofa and drink wine and watch the telly all evening. But being a grown up means that you are smart enough to not do what you want all the time. Even if a terrible job takes up 40 hours of your week, you still have 128 hours left for new ideas. And you need new ideas to escape from your terrible job.
3. New ideas are dangerous
Here are some ideas that were new once:
- Earth isn’t the centre of the universe.
- Kings and queens have to obey the law like everyone else.
- Women are just as good as men.
- People should be treated equally no matter what colour their skin is.
They might seem obviously true to us but people have died for having these ideas.
New ideas are dangerous because the people who have power rely on old ideas. If old ideas get replaced by new ideas, people with power might not have power anymore. In case you are wondering, power is nice to have. It usually comes with lots of money. People listen to what you have to say. You can have the things that you want. Power is so nice to have that it makes kind people turn cruel rather than give up their power. It makes clever people fight against new ideas rather than give up power. New ideas are often exciting to people without power and frightening to people with power.
The world changes when a brave person like you does something with a new idea. People are afraid of change but that’s no reason to ignore your ideas. Be kind to the people who are afraid (even if they are cruel to you) and go right ahead with your new idea. There’s is a lot wrong with the world and your idea can help make it better.
4. New ideas can be embarrassing
New ideas aren’t always right. Sometimes old ideas really are better. If you have a new idea and it turns out to be wrong, you might be embarrassed. People might make fun of you. Your friends might not want to be around you.
Christopher Columbus had the idea that the Earth was round and that you could sail to east Asia and India by going west. He was right about the Earth being round but wrong about getting to Asia because North and South America were in the way. So embarrassing! Chris could have been so embarrassed that he hid in the Caribbean forever. But he didn’t. He went back to Spain and told everyone what he found. His discovery led to all kinds of things, good and bad. One of the best things is that America was founded so that burgers could be invented.
When a new idea takes you in the wrong direction, you might feel like giving up on ideas altogether. New ideas can embarrass you. When you are afraid of being embarrassed by a new idea, think about tasty burgers. Being silly helps too. Silly people see the funny side of life, including the funny side of being embarrassed. The embarrassment might be worth it if you learn from what went wrong and improve your idea.
6 August 2015
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What to do with a new idea
Here’s a problem: you have a leaky head. I don’t just mean dribble, snot and earwax. Ideas can fly out of your head as easily as they fly in. And they will fly out unless you do something to make them stay. The simplest thing is to do your idea as soon as it arrives. I was once being chased by an angry T-Rex (a dinosaur, not Marc Bolan*) and I had the idea to turn round, run underneath it, then climb up its tail and onto its back and ride it like I was a jurassic cowboy. Instead of trying that idea I decided to do some swerving back and forth and hiding under ferns. While I was doing the swerving and hiding I completely forgot about the cowboy idea. That was a real shame because the swerving and hiding didn’t work. After a couple minutes the T-Rex caught me and now I’m dead.
What I should have done:
Sometimes you can’t do an idea the moment you think of it, so you need to make it feel welcome and comfortable until you have time to try it out. Remember when you imagined flying an aeroplane full of babies home to see their mothers and one of the engines has just quit and the flight attendants have run out of wipes to clean up all the baby sick and stinky bottoms? Now imagine that while you’re flying the plane you have an idea for how to make colour-changing candy floss. I don’t think you should try to make candy floss in the cockpit of the plane. But you should make sure the idea sticks around until your land. You could ask for help. You could turn on the tannoy and say, ‘This is your captain speaking. I know this is a tense situation. Babies, your jammies are covered in sick and your bottoms are smelly and you want your mummies. Flight attendants, you’re having the worst flight of your lives back there. I’m doing everything I can to get us all home safe and sound. But for right now, could you try and remember something for me? I’ve had the most tremendous idea for how to make colour-changing candy floss and I don’t want to lose it. When we land I’d like you to remind me of three things. The first is candy floss. The second is radioactive waste. The third is seagulls. If you can do that for me, I promise you’ll be the first people in the world to try my amazing new confection. Thank you. I’m going to get back to flying now. We seem to be losing altitude rather quickly.’
When you have an idea you can’t do immediately, you don’t always have a plane full of people you can ask to remind you, so you’ll have to make it stay some other way. You could write it in a notebook or type a reminder on your tablet or phone. Recording ideas is an excellent use for your mobile device. I was on a walk when I had the idea to write that you have a leaky head. I typed this note on my phone to help me remember:
You have a leaky head
Not just dribble and snot and earwax
You could also draw a quick reminder picture. If you don’t have any way to record the idea, just repeat it over and over to yourself until you are sure it will stick around long enough for you get to a pencil and some paper.
Some ideas are babies when they flutter into your head. Trying to use a baby idea as soon as you get it is like trying to do anything with an actual baby. The baby doesn’t help out at all and you’re stuck with a crying poopy mess. Baby ideas haven’t grown enough to be useful. They need time to eat the information in your lovely warm brain. They need time play with other ideas. They need time for you to figure out what they are for.
Here are two examples from the world of creepy crawlies. Maggots (baby flies) seem entirely useless but it turns out that they are the best way to clean dead infected flesh from wounds – they eat it! Hospitals use maggots to save lives. (This is not a lie.) Silkworms are really boring. Their favourite thing to talk about is pickled eggs. They never want to go out ice skating or to see a movie. They make terrible friends, but it turns out that they are extremely good at making silk which is used to make lovely clothes and sheets.
Your baby idea might seem entirely useless. Give it a nice warm space in your brain and feed it some interesting thoughts anyway. It might grow up to save lives or change the world of fashion. You never know with ideas, so try not to lose them. Write or draw or type them as soon as they visit your brain.
*in the 1970s Marc Bolan had a band called T. Rex. They were very popular. You might think that a band called T. Rex would would feature lots of roaring and crunchy guitars. In fact, Marc Bolan liked to wear feathers and make-up and play bouncy fun tunes. The words for his songs seem to have drifted up the rabbit hole from wonderland in a happy jumble that didn’t see the point of getting organised. I would give you an example of some T. Rex lyrics but you have to get permission and maybe pay someone some money if you want to quote song lyrics in books. Instead of bothering with all that, I wrote some T. Rex style lyrics to give you an idea of what they’re like.
He has gunk in his teeth
And his name is Keith
Ah ah ah
He has gunk in his teeth
And his name is Keith
Ah ah ah
I’d like to clean up his mouth
But my hand’s made of tuna
Ah ah ah
This is a fairly inaccurate drawing of Marc Bolan:
30 July 2015
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How to notice when an idea visits you
You already know that ideas are too small to be seen. Most of them are also soft as the dust that collects under your bed. You could be bombarded by six dozen ideas at once without ever noticing. You have to pay attention to the tiny tickles of their wings as they flutter around in your brain. Here are some of the best ways I’ve found of paying attention.
Get away from your television and computer and iPod and phone and tablet. It’s almost impossible to have a new idea when you are stabbing and swiping at a screen to find out who’s having a yummy snack or which kitten did a cute thing.
Once you have got away from the screens, let the ideas know that you are paying attention. ‘Hello, ideas,’ you could say, ‘Here I am with my head swollen with all the knowledge I could find. I stuck a carrot in my ear too because I’m silly. I’m ready for you! Please fly into my head.’
At this point what will happen is probably nothing. Ideas have bad aim. They are cheeky too. They hear what you say and decide to play a little game. They might avoid you completely to see if you’ll get bored and go do something else. They might send a bunch of old ideas that you’ve had a million times before crashing into your head. The thing to do with old ideas is to notice them then set them to one side. A good way to do that is by writing down quick little notes, one or two words. You don’t want them to get in the way of the new ideas. When ideas are avoiding you completely, join in their game. Pretend like you are avoiding them. Pick up your pencil and do some doodling. Take a walk. Have a bath. Plop your nose in a pot of yoghurt. It doesn’t matter what you do as long as it’s something that leaves most of your brain free to notice ideas. Maybe do a casual whistle to show the ideas that you really don’t care whether they fly into you or not. Soon the ideas will be so curious about whether or not you are ignoring them that they won’t be able to help themselves and they will come crashing into your head like fat raindrops.
Waiting around for ideas might take a few minutes. It might take a few days. There’s a good chance that you’ll get bored while you wait. You’ll want to grab something with a screen to see if anything interesting is happening. Don’t do it! boredom is good. Boredom is your friend. The only reason William the Conquerer invented the car is that he was bored almost to death while riding his horse across the English Channel. Boredom is to ideas what lightbulbs are to moths. If you can work up some really strong boredom and manage to stick with it for a while, you’ll soon find a flock of ideas flapping around your head.
When you find one of those ideas in your mind, you’ll say, ‘Aha!’ (or ‘Eureka!’, if you’re in the bath*). You might get a tingle of joy that starts in your brain (or your toes) and spreads through your entire body. The idea in your will squeal and laugh like a happy baby because they actually do love to be noticed, especially by someone as clever as you. Imagine if you had been floating around since before the dinosaurs bumping into cliffs and slugs and potatoes and people too busy worrying whether their last selfie was cute enough and then you crashed into a head that was fizzing with information and curiosity and silliness. You would be thrilled. You might do a cartwheel of joy. You would probably pop back out into the air and shout to your idea friends, ‘Quick! Get in here! I’ve found the perfect place for an idea party.’
I have my best ideas when I am doodling, walking, taking a bath or washing the dishes. I was washing dishes when I had the idea for this little book. Ideas often show up after you spend time filling your head with knowledge. I think ideas like to let information stew in your head for a while before they show up. Remember, knowledge is food for ideas. Good food takes time to prepare. Dough needs time to rise before you bake it into bread. First, grow your head, then the ideas will come. All you have to do is pay attention.
*The reason why people say eureka! when they get an idea in the bath is that eureka! is what the great Greek mathematician Archimedes shouted when he had an idea about how to solve a problem for the king. Eureka! means ‘I have found it’ in Greek. When he found the idea or, to put it the way we’re thinking about ideas in this book, when he noticed that the idea had found his head, he jumped out of the bath so excited that he forgot to put his clothes back on and ran, completely naked – I’m not making this up. I made some other things up but not this. He ran completely naked – bits in the breeze – from the city baths to his home so he could test his idea. His idea was a good one and he solved the king’s problem. Eventually it became tradition to shout eureka! when you have an idea in the bath. Running through town naked never caught on.
24 July 2015
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How to be the kind of person that ideas fly into part two: be silly
How many times have you been told, ‘Don’t be silly!’? All day long parents tell their children to not be silly. Teachers tell their pupils, ‘Don’t be silly!’ You might even have friends* who seem to enjoy telling you, ‘Don’t be silly!’ They’re right, of course. Life is full of times to not be silly.
You should not be silly when you are taking an exam, even if the exam is a pointless waste of time dreamed up by the Government Education Minister who woke up one morning to find his favourite slippers chewed by the dog, his coffee too weak and someone on Twitter calling him a rude word so he went into his office and said to assistant, ‘This nation is in a terrible state – dogs chewing slippers, weak coffee and people on the internet being rude to Important People. We’re going to fix it, Alastair.
’How are we going to do that, sir?’ said his assistant Alastair.
’We’re going to write an exam to make sure the children of our great nation know how to behave. Question one: What is the proper location for a dog? Write that down, Alastair.’
’I’ve written it, sir. What’s the answer, sir?’
’Answer: The proper location for a dog is in the garden away from all slippers. [2 points]’
And so on.
Before long, you and all the children in the country are taking the Education Minister’s new exam. You know it is pointless. Your teachers know it is pointless. In his heart, even the Minister knows it is pointless but it’s too late because all the universities have decided that they won’t let you learn anything from them unless you’ve scored at least a B on the government minister’s pointless exam. It’s pointless but you still need to be serious.
Another time to be serious is when you are flying an aeroplane full of babies home to see their mothers and one of the engines has just quit and the flight attendants have run out of wipes to clean up all the baby sick and stinky bottoms.
Another time to be serious is when conversing with a frog. Frogs may look silly but I have been on four continents and I have never met a frog who wasn’t Entirely Serious At All Times.
BUT (and this is an enormous but) when you are hoping for a new idea it is very very very very important to be Not Serious, by which I mean, to be silly. Ideas love silly people. I’ll give you an example. If you told your mum that you had whipped up a batch of disgusting and poisonous bacteria soup and thought you might drink a mugful before bed, she would say, ‘Don’t be silly. You’ll make yourself sick.’ BUT (the same huge but as before) drinking disgusting bacteria soup is exactly what Dr Barry Marshall did 1984. He did it to prove his theory that sores inside your stomach called ulcers are caused by bacteria and not by stress. Until Barry Marshall drank his disgusting soup and gave himself an ulcer and then cured his ulcer with antibiotics, everyone thought ulcers were caused by stress. Today most ulcers can be easily cured by taking some antibiotic medicine, all because of Barry Marshall being silly.
When a new idea comes along, the easiest thing to do is throw it out. New ideas seem silly and useless but that’s only because no one has used them before. Imagine if French farmer and astrophysicist Léon LeFarteaux had given up on his silly idea for super windy beans like everyone told him to. We’d all still be stuck on Earth and there would be no such thing as cheap holidays to Pluto. I hope that you’re brave enough to be silly like Barry Marshall and Léon LeFarteaux.
A good way to get started being silly is by making silly faces at yourself in the mirror. Blowing bubbles in your milk with a straw is good too. Sometimes when a song comes on the radio while I’m driving I like to sing along with a funny voice as loud as I can. Whenever I think of a dumb joke I like to tell it to my children. They think I just like dumb jokes. The truth is that I’m being silly so that new ideas will notice me and land in my head. I also like dumb jokes. There are literally** millions of ways to be silly. Remember when you used to lather up your hair with shampoo and then sculpt it into funny shapes? There’s no reason why you shouldn’t start doing that again. Try being silly at least twice everyday and I bet you’ll start noticing all kinds of new ideas in your head.
*You could be right in the middle of a perfectly reasonable experiment with some yoghurt and a pair of socks when your oh-so-grown-up† friend grabs the yoghurt pot and says with all capital letters, ‘DON’T BE SILLY!’ My advice in a situation like that: make sure you use your friend’s socks for the experiment.
**Many times when people say ‘literally’ they mean ‘not literally’. I literally mean that there are literally millions of ways to be silly.
19 July 2015
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How to be the kind of person that ideas fly into, part one: grow your head
If you can throw a stone and knock a can off a wall from 15 metres away, your friends are probably impressed at your stone throwing skills. It’s hard to hit a small target from far away. You have to have very good aim. Ideas have terrible aim. They will try to fly into a head and end up at the top of a pine tree. If you want a lot of ideas to fly into you, you should be a cliff. Millions of ideas hit cliffs every hour. The problem with cliffs is that they are too dumb to know what to do with ideas.
You, on the other hand, probably know exactly what to do with a good idea. Your problem is that you are a small target. You need to get bigger. Actually, only your head needs to get bigger. There’s no point in growing your stomach. It’s almost as dumb as a cliff. You don’t have to grow the outside of your head either, just the inside. The best way to grow your head is to stuff it full of knowledge. Learn something every chance you get. Be curious.
Not long ago I was sitting in a coffee shop drinking coffee and looking out the window. I saw a man walking along the pavement with seven brand new floor brushes. Seven! Why did he need seven floor brushes? I was curious. I’m still curious. I wish I had run out of the shop and said to the man, ‘Excuse me, sir. Would you mind telling me why you are carrying seven brand new floor brushes?’ Can you imagine how many ideas would have flown into my head if I had learned what his seven brushes are for? I guess 18 and a half. (There are lots of half ideas flopping around hoping they’ll smash into another half idea and become a whole idea.)
Some people think you should avoid knowledge when you are trying to have ideas. These people like to quote Albert Einstein who said, ‘Imagination is more important than knowledge.’ They seem to forget that Einstein didn’t say knowledge wasn’t important. People are more important than food but the only people who truly believe that food isn’t important end up dead in about a month and half. Imagination is more important than knowledge but knowledge is the food of imagination. Einstein couldn’t have changed the science of physics forever if all he had was funny hair and imagination. First he had to feed his imagination with lots and lots of knowledge about gravity and the speed of light and rubber sheets.
If you want to discover new ideas, this is the one time when it’s okay to be bigheaded. Ideas need a big target. Here are some ways to turn your head into a big idea target:
- Be curious.
- Pay attention in school. Even the boring bits might be tasty to ideas.
- Ask questions and listen to the answers.
- Really listen when people talk to you. Don’t just wait for your turn to talk.
- Read. Read books. Read articles. read cereal packets and shampoo bottles. Read online and off paper. Especially read things that people have taken the time to write well.
15 July 2015
tags: albert einstein,
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Ideas are tricky. Some people have ideas all the time. Some people never seem to have any ideas. Some people have plenty of ideas but they’re all the wrong ideas. I get paid to have good ideas and do them, so I’ve had to learn how to have ideas all the time. If I don’t, my family might have to become beggars or go to work for the companies that make those ads that pop up when you are trying to watch a video. Having ideas is fun. Fun should be shared. That’s why I wrote this little book. What I’m going to tell you works for any kind of idea – a funny new way to draw a cat, how to land a spaceship on comet that takes 10 years to get to, how to cure an illness or how to make a crying baby happy. Let’s get started.
What is an idea?
Ideas are tiny tiny weird creatures that fly around the universe hoping to slip into a head that will know what to do with them. (This is a lie. The truth is that ideas are tiny bits of electricity zapping between your brain cells. The truth is interesting but it’s not helpful when it comes to having new ideas. The lie about ideas being tiny creatures is helpful. This book is full of helpful lies.) Here are some ideas magnified thousands of times:
I haven’t drawn any actual size ideas because they are so small they can slip through your hair and your skin and your skull as easily as you can slip between trees in the woods.
There are millions and trillions and *quadrillions of ideas flying around bumping into each other and everything else all the time. We’ll never run out of ideas because they are reusable. Most of them live forever. Also, when they bump into each other a brand new little baby idea pops into existence. Right now, there are so many ideas flying around that it’s hard to imagine not bumping into 30 or 40 of them every time you move your head. They are like those little flying insects that swarm above a stream on a hot summer day. Even so, some people still have problems finding them.
I wrote this little book to help you get new ideas more easily. The first thing you can do to get an idea is relax. You don’t have to create a new idea. The ideas are already out there. Your job is to be the kind of person that ideas like to fly into.
*Quadrillion is a real number. This is a quadrillion: 1,000,000,000,000,000. It would take you almost 32 million years to count to a quadrillion if you counted one number every second. This would be impossible to do, not just because you would be really bored and dead. You would also have to say numbers like three hundred twenty-billion nine hundred eighty-six million two hundred fifty-four thousand seven hundred and thirty nine in one second. I bet you can’t.
13 July 2015
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I love Dr. Seuss books. I like his limited colour palette and large areas of flat colour, so I copied him a bit. I’d like to know what you what you think. Does it work? Does it make you happy? Do you wish I had used some purple? (This book will contain no purple.)
The reason you’re getting a coloured page is that I have hired a successful children’s author to look at my story and tell me if it’s any good or not and recommend changes that will help it on it’s way to publication. I want her to have an idea of how the finished pages will look and there is no way I’m going to keep this little treat from you.
Here is a comparison of the original scan and the tidied and coloured page: